Wherever possible throughout this product range, the Breaking Load is stated as supplied by the manufacturer, normally in Kg (kilograms). Where other units are used these are indicated on the appropriate pages.
Breaking Loads are for guidance only and do not form part of any warranty. All loads are quoted assuming a straight pull using shackles to secure to the test equipment. Where the load on a buckle is not straight the strength could be reduced.
Where formulas have been used to obtain a components breaking load, etc. an ultimate tensile stress has been assumed of:
In many tests we have made where buckles, D rings, etc. have been pulled using webbing, failure of the webbing occurs before the product reaches its Breaking Load. Our test data is available on request and tests can be made on customers applications if required.
Buckles are used in a variety of applications and factor of safety for Safe Working Loads (SWL) may vary. Our recommendation is that the Safe Working Load be one fifth of the Breaking Load.
It is the obligation of the purchaser or user to determine whether or not each item is suitable for its intended use. In no event shall our liability extend beyond the replacement cost of any item.
50N Buoyancy Aids
To convert newtons to kilograms multiply by 0.102.
Use our weights converter to change many different weight units.
Use our length converter to change many different length units.
For a printed conversion chart click here.
Stainless Steel is the name given to a large group of Steel Alloys with many differences in properties and behaviour, all of which contain more then 10.5% Chromium, so have a resistance to corrosion. This is due to the fact that Chromium has a high affinity for oxygen and forms a tenacious, stable Oxide film that is resistant to further chemical or physical change.
The Austenitic group of Steel Alloys contains Chromium in the range of 17-25% and Nickel in a range pf 8-20% with various additional elements to achieve different properties. The following three types are most commonly used in the marine trade:
Type 302 A basic 18% chrome 8% Nickel grade from which the majority of other forms have been developed. Its properties make it the most suitable for the manufacture of stainless steel springs.
Type 304(A2) Similar to 302 but due to lower Carbon content, is less susceptible to inter-granular corrosion after welding. With reasonable resistance to corrosion, it is suitable for applications where there is limited exposure such as fittings below decks.
Type 316 (A4) This is a Molybdenum bearing Stainless Steel designed for applications involving severe corrosion conditions and is non-magnetic. It is therefore most suitable for marine use, especially for sail hardware and on deck applications where there is high exposure to salt water.
Stainless Steel Information PDF's to download from the North American Stainless Steel Informaiton Centre
All Makefast products using welded construction are welded using the Tungsten Inert Gas (TIG) System. This is vital for consistent high quality welds in Stainless Steel and is recognized as the industry standard procedure for all high load welded structures.
Although more costly than standard arc welding, Makefast insist on all its welded products using this method. Baseline believe that for safety equipment no shortcuts can be made in quality. Therefore when you see the logo for TIG welding, be assured the product is of the highest quality.
Whats wrong with standard arc welding?
With standard non-shielded welding, the high temperatures cause oxidation to be introduced into the weld area so causing impurities and weakness in the final weld.
With TIG welding, a tungsten electrode is used to create a high temperature electric spark which melts the surrounding material. The weld area is shielded by an inert gas (usually argon) which prevents oxidization in the weld area. Furthermore, the welding process uses a stainless steel filler rod of the same constituent material as the component so ensuring material strength is not reduced.
The Makefast plastic products, when used for loaded applications are manufactured using Nylon 6, Nylon 66 or Acetal. Non loaded products are generally manufactured in polypropylene.
The colour of plastic products does affect the price due to the high cost of certain pigments used to colour the base plastic material. As a general rule, reds and yellows will be more costly than blues and dark colours.
Makefast use a range of sophisticated microprocessor controlled injection moulding machines capable of moulding a range of engineering thermoplastics. The advantages of these machines include full and detailed control over the moulding cycle, ensuring the highest quality results in a range of materials. The advanced mixing systems ensure consistency in colour matching throughout a production run and additives can be strictly controlled to achieve the desired effect, be it for colour, fire resistance or increased strength.
Makefast reduce waste by recycling plastic and manufacture several non-load bearing products using this reground material.
Lanex Rope Material Properties
Lanex ropes and cords reach excellent parameters and are resistant to the most severe weather conditions, UV radiation as well as abrasion of the highest degree. Instead of natural materials, we use synthetic fibres which, if compared with natural fibres have better properties such as greater strength, lower elongation and longer service life.
**Specific tenacity related to fibre fineness
It is suitable to use materials having low elongation, high strength and long service life for sheet and halyard ropes. From a wide assortment of materials polyester is used in most cases, but new high-tenacity materials like Dyneema and Vectran are gaining importance for demanding racing applications.
The American Iron and Steel Institute Standardized Numbered AISI Steel Grades*A2 Stainless Steel and A4 Stainless Steel are 'Fastening Grades'. A2 is similar in properties to 304, and A4 is similar in proprties to 316.
DIN - German Institute for Standardization
DIN Deutsches Institut fr Normung e.V. ( DIN ; in English , the German Institute for Standardization ) is the German national organization for standardization and is that country's ISO member body.
There are currently around thirty thousand DIN Standards, covering almost all fields of technology. One of the earliest, and surely the most well-known, is DIN 476 , the standard that introduced the A4, etc. paper sizes in 1922 . This was later adopted as international standard ISO 216 in 1975 .
DIN is a registered association ( e.V. ), founded in 1917 , originally as Normenausschuss der deutschen Industrie (NADI, Standardisation Committee of German Industry). In 1926 the NADI was renamed Deutscher Normenausschuss (DNA, German Standardisation Committee) in order to indicate that standardization now covered many fields, not just industrial products. In 1975 the DNA was finally renamed DIN. Its headquarters is in Berlin . Since 1975 it has been recognized by the German government as the national standards body and represents German interests at international and European level.